CRIMINALíSTICA Y CRIMINOLOGÍA

Es curioso lo que sucede con la criminalística y la criminología en nuestro país, puesto que cuando las universidades intentaron de crear carreras relacionadas con este tema, varios fueron los opositores hasta que lograron echar a bajo, el sueño de muchos jóvenes que veían la posibilidad de desarrollarse en esa área, y que no tenían cabida en carabineros e investigaciones.


¿pero que es la criminalística y la criminología?


En simples palabras, la criminalística, es una ciencia interdisciplinaria que buscar determinar un delito y verificar al delincuente, y la criminología, es también una ciencia interdiciplinaria que intenta responder al por qué una persona es capaz de cometer un hecho delictuoso. Se ocupa tanto del delito, como del delincuente, de la víctima y del control social.


Pero volviendo a lo anterior, digo que es curioso lo que sucede, puesto que la criminalistica y la criminología no son ciencias nuevas, todo lo contrario, ya que desde que el hombre puso sus pies en la tierra, existe el delito, así nos testifica la biblia con la muerte de Abel.


Es muy extraño escuchar entonces a las autoridades, decir que las universidades inventan ciencias nuevas y carreras sin futuro, mas bien se ve reflejado en todos ellos la ignorancia referente a estas ciencias; claro puesto que es mas fácil, desechar que buscar solución.


Mas, por otro lado, se refleja la colusión y el monopolio de estas ciencias, en las policías de nuestro país. un criminalista o un criminólogo, no tiene por que ser policía o no tiene por que trabajar en la policía, puede ayudar y orientar también a un fiscal y un defensor. Porque si bien es cierto, el fiscal sabe mucho de leyes, pero no tiene idea de que pruebas se pueden hacer al momento de una pericia, por eso siempre piden las pruebas de rigor ¿y que son las pruebas de rigor? muchos nos hemos preguntado eso, al momento de una pericia, y es así como cabe la duda en, qué pericia realizar sobre un indicio, quedando en las manos y en el ingenio del experto.

Para mi no existen las pruebas de rigor, no hay para un indicio, prueba de rigor, todo dependerá de lo que se necesite averiguar o determinar.


Muchas veces por culpa de la ignorancia de la criminalistica en los fiscales y defensores, dejan pruebas nulas o inservibles lo que facilita que una persona (presunto delincuente) quede libre, o mal condenado.


¿tan precarios de mentes somos los chilenos que no somos capaces de afrontar nuevos desafíos, nuevas metas? somos, el único país que no acepta que la criminalistica se enseñe en las universidades. tenemos un país tan cerca que puede darnos su ejemplo que es Argentina que tiene la carrera de criminalistica hace muchos años en la universidad.


Creo que es tiempo que las autoridades tomen carta en el asunto, y piensen que los criminalistas sean personas distintas a las policías y que trabajen en conjunto de con ellas como, otro países, tal vez el ingreso de sabia nueva en este asunto, disminuya la cantidad de corrupción que posee nuestras policías. Asi tambien, es necesario la instruccion de personas en la criminología puesto que nuestro pais necesita medidas eficaces en el area de la prevencion, y control de estas.
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